Teaching Resources and Reading Bibliograph
I. Baylor University, Institute for Faith and Learning
- Forming Character in the Classroom Workshops, https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/programs/forming-character-classroom
In addition to cultivating the intellectual life of its students, Baylor is committed to the moral and spiritual formation of its students, so that they are prepared to serve both God and the world. Toward this end, each semester, the Forming Character in the Classroom workshop series offers opportunities for educators across the academic disciplines to reflect on how pedagogical practices might further this crucial work of the University’s Christian mission.
Each workshop will emphasize one or two significant character qualities — such as friendship, courage, wisdom, and justice — that might be part of a vibrant classroom that takes seriously Baylor's commitment to foster "spiritual maturity, strength of character, and moral virtue." The workshops seek to equip faculty to see their teaching and mentoring as crucial expressions of character formation.
- Communio: A Retreat for Baylor Educators, https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/programs/communio-retreat-baylor-educators
Offered each May since 2001 by the Institute for Faith and Learning, Communio: A Retreat for Baylor Educators, is a five-day retreat featuring guest lectures and guided discussions by noted Christian thinkers, common meals and worship, and other activities that encourage collegiality among faculty members as they explore together their common aims as Christian educators at Baylor, seeking to foster “spiritual maturity, strength of character and moral virtue” among their students. To learn more, visit https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/programs/communio-retreat-baylor-educators.
II. The Intellectual Virtues
- Baehr, Jason. Educating for Intellectual Virtues: An Introductory Guide for College and University Instructors. 2015. Link to PDF:https://jasonbaehr.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/e4iv_baehr.pdf
Baehr names curiosity, open mindedness, intellectual humility as some of the main intellectual virtues. Besides explaining teaching these virtues, Baehr offers an appendix of practical teaching resources, including, most notably, excerpts from literary and historical figures who exemplify each of the virtues.
- Educating for Intellectual Virtues site: http://intellectualvirtues.org/guiding-principles/for-college-and-university-instructors/
- The Intellectual Virtues Academy: http://www.ivalongbeach.org/resources/resource-library
- Tishman, Shari. “Why Teach Habits of Mind?” in Habits of Mind in the Curriculum, ed. by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick. Link to PDF: http://www.ivalongbeach.org/images/documents/resource_library/Why_Teach_Habits_Tishman.pdf
Addresses especially empathy, but also rigor and respect
III. Resources from Virtues Initiatives
A. Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life project, University of Chicago
Link to main site: https://csl.uchicago.edu/form/virtue-happiness-and-meaning-life-0/
Overview: “Research in the humanities and social sciences suggest that individuals who feel they belong to something bigger and better than they are on their own—a family with a long history and the prospect of future generations, a spiritual practice,work on behalf of social justice—often feel happier and have better life outcomes than those who do not. Some scholars have labeled this sense of connection to a larger force “self-transcendence.” By fostering intensive collaboration between philosophers, religious thinkers, and psychologists, we will investigate whether self-transcendence helps to make ordinary cultivation and exercise of virtue a source of deep happiness and meaning in human life.”
This podcast, which “explores the nature of love and happiness as depicted in important works of literature, poetry, and film,” would be of particular interest in the literature classroom. Also applicable to philosophy, history, religion, and political science.
B. The Character Project, Wake Forest
- The Study of Character resources page: http://studyofcharacter.com/resources
- Lists several other foundations, blogs, and interviews. Books page: http://studyofcharacter.com/books
This is an impressive reference library, particularly for instructors looking for texts that offer background ethics. Though geared toward philosophy classes, many selections could apply elsewhere, including an entire section on “Moral Education” relevant to Baylor’s emphasis on moral and spiritual formation of students.
C. The Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues, University of Birmingham
- Teacher Resources for Character Education:
Though geared more towards primary and secondary education, many of the resources are relevant to university-level instruction.
D. Boston University Center for Character & Social Responsibility
- Resources page: http://www.bu.edu/ccsr/resources/
- Lesson plans for developing character: http://www.bu.edu/ccsr/resources/lesson-plans/
Though this was developed for elementary school educators, its overview is helpful for instruction at the university level
IV. Resources for Specific Virtues
- Christian Reflection: Virtual Lives https://www.baylor.edu/ifl/index.php?id=937824
This issue, which addresses the moral ambiguities of technology, can help students consider what virtue might look like in our relationship with virtual devices. It also addresses integrity.
- “The Eight Key Questions” http://www.jmu.edu/ethicalreasoning/8-key-questions.shtml from Ethical Reasoning in Action, a program at James Madison University
Examples of student work using the eight key questions: http://www.jmu.edu/ethicalreasoning/ER%20Creative%20Output/Student%20Work.shtml
- Project Zero’s project Teaching for Understanding: Cultivates rigor by focusing only on classroom goals and activities that will actively promote student understanding. A valuable tool for honing lesson plans.
The Concept: David Perkins and Tina Blythe, “Putting Understanding Up Front,” Teaching for Understanding, 1994, vol. 51, no. 5, pages 4-7 http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/feb94/vol51/num05/Putting-Understanding-Up-Front.aspx
In Practice: “Questions for Tuning Up a Lesson Plan” (2004) Tina Blythe and David Allen, Copyright Harvard Project Zero http://www.pz.harvard.edu/sites/default/files/Questions%20for%20Tuning%20Up%20a%20Lesson%20Plan.pdf
- Life Worth Living Program at Yale Center for Faith and Culture: https://faith.yale.edu/initiatives/life-worth-living
Especially helpful is the college seminar on this topic
- Christian Reflection: Chastity https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/chastity
This issue applies to both integrity and respect, asking “How can we think and act with integrity in our sexual ethics? And how can we respect those with whom we are in relationship?” According to Matt Fradd in “Chastity as a Virtue,” chastity is "a habit of reverence for oneself and others that enables us to use our sexual powers intelligently in the pursuit of human flourishing and happiness.”
- Christian Reflection: Suffering https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/suffering
- Okholm, Dennis. “Staying Put to Get Somewhere.” Christian Reflection: Acedia. 2013: 19-25. https://www.baylor.edu/content/services/document.php/212246.pdf
- Ung, Alvin. “Acedia in the Workplace” Christian Reflection: Acedia. 2013: 77-81. https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/sites/g/files/ecbvkj771/files/2022-11/AcediaArticleUng.pdf
- Christian Reflection: Caring for Creation https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/caring-creation
- Christian Reflection: Attentive Patience. https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/attentive-patience
- Christian Reflection: Where Wisdom Is Found https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/where-wisdom-found
- Study Guide for Where Wisdom Is Found https://www.baylor.edu/content/services/document.php/80663.pdf
- Corey, Elizabeth C. “Learning in Love,” First Things, April 2014. https://www.firstthings.com/article/2014/04/learning-in-love
Corey observes, “An awakened desire is the basis for a truly liberal education.” Her article attempts to correct some weak defenses of the humanities. Students learn to love difficult texts, she says, through a kind of love for the teachers who lead them through the text.
- DeYoung, Rebecca Konyndyk. "Resistance to the Demands of Love" Christian Reflection: Acedia. 2013: 11-18.
DeYoung argues that the vice of acedia, or sloth, directly opposes the “gift and life-transforming work” of love in our lives.
- Study guides for the Acedia issue: https://www.baylor.edu/content/services/document.php/212280.pdf
V. Readings Covering Multiple Virtues
- Christian Reflection: Inklings of Glory Articles and study guides about how the Inklings can form the moral imagination. https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/inklings-glory
- Christian Reflection: Forgiveness (Humility, Respect, Empathy, Responsibility, Love) https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/forgiveness
- Christian Reflection: Friendship (Love, Respect, Hospitality) https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/friendship
- Christian Reflection: Generosity (Integrity, Compassion, Love) https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/generosity
- Christian Reflection: Hospitality (Compassion, Love) https://ifl.web.baylor.edu/media-and-resources/christian-reflection-project/hospitality
VI. Resources for Business Professors
- Resource page for business professors: http://josephsononbusinessethics.com/
VII. Bloom's Taxonomy
- Bloom’s Taxonomy: http://www.celt.iastate.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/RevisedBloomsHandout-1.pdf
- Bloom’s Taxonomy with key words for developing assignments: http://www.ou.edu/content/dam/flourish/docs/Blooms%20Taxonomy.pdf